Views of nature and self-discipline: evidence from inner city children

Taylor, A.F., F.E. Kuo & W.C. Sullivan, 2002, Views of nature and self-discipline: evidence from inner city children, in: Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22,

  • Author : Taylor, A.F., F.E. Kuo & W.C. Sullivan
  • Year : 2002
  • Journal/Series : Journal of Environmental Psychology
  • Volume Number (CONSECUTIVE: Counting all Volumes of this Journal ever published) : 22
  • Pages : 49-63
  • Abstract in English : Children growing up in inner city are risk of academic underachievement, juvenile delinquency, teenage pregnancy and other important negative outcome. This paper explores whether children’s self-discipline (concentrating, inhibiting initial impulses, and delaying gratification) might be enhanced by contact with nature. Previous research suggests that not only theory and evidence indicated that nature supports directed attention in adults, but there is some evidence that it does so in children as well. The findings of this research suggest that, for girls, green space immediately outside the home can help them lead more effective, self-disciplined lives. For boys, perhaps more green spaces are equally important. These findings help reinforce the importance of incorporating trees and grass in spaces for children. It also indicated that designers op public housing should consider more than just ground-level views of common spaces when placing trees and grass. It may be helpful to place trees and grass strategically within view from the surrounding apartments.
  • Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: environmental psychology, children, self-discipline, neighbourhoods, trees, grass, societal significance. UTILITY: lecturers/teachers, academic research, students of universities of professional education.