Changes of the landscape in Völgység, Hungary from 18th century

Mőcsényi, F., 2005, Changes of the landscape in Völgység, Hungary from 18th century, in: ECLAS (D. Oguz), ‘Landscape change’, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture Ankara University, Ankara

  • Author : Mőcsényi, F.
  • Year : 2005
  • Published in Book : Landscape change
  • Pages : 98-102
  • Abstract in English : Völgység lies west of the famous Szekszárd wine region in the southern part of Hungary between numerous valleys. At the beginning of 18th century the area was colonised by German-speaking farmers who did farming and craftsmanship and produced wine. After World War II the population of Völgység region was totally changed and the new-comers did not manage to cultivate the land as the former owners so the first landscape change occurred: vineyards died out and cultivated arable land fell back also significantly. From the middle of the 20th century the second change was generated by the development of agricultural machinery when the needless meadows were transformed into twenty water detention lakes. The third landscape change happened in the 1960's when the agricultural co-operative farms were organised. The steepest hillsides were afforested with deciduous species and pines and great areas of vine were also planted. The age of re-capitalisation brings about the fourth landscape change. According to the modern economic trends, more than 1/10th of Hungary’s agricultural land should be transformed. Most areas in Völgység might be reforested naturally, however action should be taken based on strategic planning.
  • Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: landscape change, ethnographic change, Hungary, valley. / Eclas 2005