Ayamba, M. & I.D. Rotherham, 2004, Inclusion and access to open spaces: perceptions of the outdoors by black and ethnic minorities with a case study from England, in: OPENspace, ‘Open space, people space’, OPENspace, Edinburgh
- Author : Ayamba, M. & I.D. Rotherham
- Year : 2004
- Published in Book : Open space, people space
- Abstract in English : ABSTRACT: This paper is based on research for the Peak National Park. It considered how to increase employment applications from minority groups, the findings indicating that issues of low employment applications were rooted in barriers to visit the National Park. Minority communities face barriers to active use of outdoor environments in British National Parks and elsewhere. Ninety-nine per cent of respondents, many with rural roots, were interested in using the outdoors, but felt excluded. Parks advocate equal opportunities policies but these are often ineffective. They fulfil a policy requirement for services meeting the needs of all, but there is lack of commitment to establish the necessary institutional structures (for statutory and voluntary functions) to work effectively with ethnic minorities.
- Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: minorities, access, inclusion, outdoors, barriers.
[paper 5 p.]