Landscape Architecture in Austria between 1912 and 1945

The aim of the proposed research project is to outline and analyze the development of landscape architecture in Austria in structure, form, and content between 1912 and 1945. The foundation of the first professional association of garden and landscape architects in 1912 was a great step towards establishing the profession in Austria. Since then the profession has changed constantly according to political, social, and cultural conditions. These changes had great impact on the approach and understanding of design and planning, on tasks, clients, and on the structure of organization. So far, barely any research has continuously followed this process. Within this innovative project, we intend to fill this gap, looking at a period of such relevance for the profession in Austria.
We do especially expect new conclusions about the changes in professional training, in the structure of the associations, the work and tasks of garden and landscape architects, and the planning approach. The research project will also enlighten the interrelation and cooperation between landscape architecture, architecture, and arts. All current planning tasks deal with sites that have been transformed over and over again by different prevailing trends in planning and design. A forward-looking and innovative preoccupation with open spaces requires a reflected application of planning approaches and instruments. Clearing the professional history will help to understand the status quo and to cope with further challenges. The results will be of great importance for the scientific community, for the academic training, and for landscape architects in general.
The project is based on an comprehensive survey of professional journals, a systematic review of inscription and membership lists, and expert interviews. Within that, research and analysis focus on the following main questions: How did the professional training change during the first half of the 20th century? Which role did associations and organizations play in establishing the profession? What kind of influence did political and ideological processes have on the understanding of the profession, their representatives and organizations? Did the profession develop constantly or can critical points be marked? How did the position of garden and landscape architects change in relation to architecture, urban planning, and art?

  • Title Original : Landschaftsarchitektur in Österreich zwischen 1912 und 1945
  • Notes : Publications Krippner, U., Bacher, B. (2009): Landschaftsarchitektur in Österreich zwischen 1912 und 1950: Ein Forschungsprojekt an der Universität für Bodenkultur zur Entwicklung der Profession. Historische Gärten : Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Historische Gärten, 15. Jg. 2009/1, 28-31 Krippner, Ulrike (2009): Landscaped, Modern, or Social? The Discussion about Ideas and Styles in Garden Architecture in the Österreichische Gartenzeitung between 1912 and 1920. In: Licka, Lilli, Schwab, Eva (Hrsg.), Landscape - Great Idea! X-LArch III, S. 24-27; ISBN: 978-3-9502175-3-7 Pick It! [Landscape - Great Idea! X-LArch III, Vienna, April 29-May 1, 2009] Krippner, Ulrike (2009): Einführung in das Forschungsprojekt Professionsgeschichte. In: Licka, Lilli, Krippner, Ulrike, Meder, Iris und Bacher, Barbara (Hrsg.), Landschaftsarchitektur in Österreich zwischen 1912 und 1945. FWF- Forschungsprojekt am Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur. Startworkshop am 20. und 21. Nov. 2008, S. 5-7; ISBN: 978-3-9502175-4-4 Pick It! [Landschaftsarchitektur in Österreich zwischen 1912 und 1945. Forschungsworkshop., Vienna, Nov 20-21, 2008] Licka, Lilli, Krippner, Ulrike, Meder, Iris, Bacher, Barbara (2009): Landschaftsarchitektur in Österreich zwischen 1912 und 1945 FWF-Forschungsprojekt am Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, Startworkshop am 20. und 21. 11. 2008. 42; Schriftenreihe des Institutes für Landschaftsarchitektur, Wien; ISBN: 978-3-9502175-4-4 Pick It! Krippner, U., Meder, I. (2009): Jüdische Wiener Gartenarchitektinnen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts. , 10. Fachtagung des Netzwerkes "Frauen in der Geschichte der Gartenkultur", 18.-19.11.2009, Sulzbürg/Oberpfalz
  • Project start : 0000
  • Project end : 2010
  • Contact Person : Ulrike Krippner
  • Funding Agency : Austrian National Funds (FWF)
  • Image Title : Students in the rose garden