Landscape planning and design in a landscape changing era

Burmil, S., 2005, Landscape planning and design in a landscape changing era, in: ECLAS (D. Oguz), ‘Landscape change’, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture Ankara University, Ankara

  • Author : Burmil, S.
  • Year : 2005
  • Published in Book : Landscape change
  • Pages : 288
  • Abstract in English : In the last decades fast and major landscape changes are taking place. They are a result of a number of processes happening on a global scale; some of the main processes are associated with the increase in population that is followed by increase in urbanization, increase in technological capabilities to transform landscapes, and shifts and fluctuations in economies. The changes are global in character and mostly involve landscape transformation due to expanding of built areas on the expense of open natural/semi-natural and agricultural areas. Economic pressures lead to policies that reduce diversity in agricultural landscapes; it can also lead to abandonment of agricultural lands in marginal or hard to cultivate areas. In urban areas there is an increase in the number of deserted industrial sites left as brownfields. In order to be able to respond to these changes, landscape architecture education should engage in the following three aspect: 1) Address and understand the processes and issues involved in the changes; 2) Realize that while the trends are global, responses should be based on understanding of local conditions; and, 3) Deal with the changes in the landscape in a holistic and systematic approach. Landscape protection as well as landscape restoration should become common elements in the education of landscape architects and in landscape architecture practice. Landscape protection and restoration need to be extended from natural landscapes to agricultural and urban ones. Examples of changes as well as responses will be presented and discussed.