Landstyles and lifescapes: 12 steps to community development

Hester, R.T., 1985, Landstyles and lifescapes: 12 steps to community development, in: Landscape Architecture, 75, 1

  • Author : Hester, R.T.
  • Year : 1985
  • Journal/Series : Landscape Architecture
  • Volume Number (ANNUAL: Counting Volumes of the Year shown above) : 1
  • Volume Number (CONSECUTIVE: Counting all Volumes of this Journal ever published) : 75
  • Pages : 78-85
  • Abstract in English : America’s new preferences for places to live and grassroots economic development are increasing opportunities for landscape architects who approach design from a community development perspective. And more communities need precisely what landscape architects have to offer. What created the new opportunities? National and some state legislation requiring citizen participation; the neighbourhood control movement; federal housing and urban development guidelines mandating grassroots approaches; the re-emphasis on regionalism. The conditions were enhanced by a recent shift toward historic preservation that stresses holistic landscape – not simply building—conservation. Two new trends have opened even more doors for landscape architects: overcoming environmental anomie (rootlessness) and place-appropriate development. This article describes guidelines for community development. Listening, setting community goals, mapping and inventory, introducing the community to itself, getting a gestalt, drawing anticipated activity, letting archetypes and idiosyncrasies inspire form, making conceptual yardstick, developing a spectrum of design plans, evaluating before construction, transferring responsibility, evaluating after construction.
  • Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: community design, participation, design, societal significance, interactive planning. UTILITY: lecturers/teachers, academic research, recommended for students of professional education).