Meaning and working fields of women working in open space and landscape planning – from the professionalisation in the beginning of the 20th century until 1970

The history of the discipline of open space and landscape planning is complemented by a gender perspective. The current research is based on a completed project in which sources and search paths to this topic were developed.

Here, the deepening and temporal extrapolation of the research results is prosecuted. The examination starts at the turn of the 19th/ 20th century. During that period, women created their own profession by establishing horticultural schools for women as they hardly got apprenticeships and were denied access to gardener schools.
From their social role model, women developed specific professional fields that were often linked with social aspects (e.g. working with children or patients in care facilities, advising settlers allotment gardens). Planning was often understood as consultative activity of the users.

Have this gender-specific access as well as the specific professional fields continued in the course of professionalisation of work? If so, in which way? Are there gender-specific differences in the understanding of planning during respective periods of this discipline? How important, in terms of the subject matter, are professional women for the development of the planning discipline? Are there any changes regarding their orientation and their influence in the course of time?
The examination ends at the beginning of the 1970s as “women as playerss and stakeholders of planning” has been a separate issue ever since, requiring a distinct research approach.

  • Title Original : Bedeutung und Arbeitsfelder von Freiraum- und Landschaftsplanerinnen – von der Professionalisierung seit der Jahrhundertwende bis 1970
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  • Project start : 0000
  • Project end : 0000
  • Contact Person : Prof. Dr. Maria Spitthöver
  • Funding Agency : DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), Bonn