Krzysztof, Rostański, 2012, Modelling Nature in Ecologically Oriented Urban Context, in: Tiefenbacher J., ‘Perspectives on Nature Conservation – Patterns, Pressures and Prospects’, InTech, Rijeka
- Author : Krzysztof, Rostański
- Year : 2012
- English Title : Modelling Nature in Ecologically Oriented Urban Context
- Published in Book : Perspectives on Nature Conservation - Patterns, Pressures and Prospects
- Pages : 3-30
- Abstract in English : Greenery makes human-ordered space clearer and more complete. When formed after the aesthetic norms of the related architecture, the greenery usually acquires geometrical shapes. However, when natural systems are followed closely, the structures thus obtained with their free form and ecological values emphasised, are able to improve our living conditions. If we try to be in keeping with nature only in form, both the aesthetic and the ecologic aims are possible to achieve, although not perfectly but always worth a try. The use of the local plants with their particular features could make the architecture look exceptional, adding a strong local identity. On the other hand, using foreign ornamental plants without proper consideration leads to the formal homogeneity of modern cities, despite all their aesthetic value. The integration of built up space and local natural landscape implements the goals of The Convention on Biological Diversity and The European Landscape Convention, being also a principle of rational naturalism. Moreover, natural and naturalistic greenery, functioning beyond our consciousness at the level of biological reaction, is conducive to the proper functioning of living organisms, including us – humans. Human being is part of his local nature together with the products of civilisation created by himself. However, a more suitable habitat for him should be simple, emerging from the natural surroundings organically, yet still being human-made. Naturalism is understood as the idea of following natural processes and creating naturalistic relations modelled on them. It supports our healthy lifestyle and provides us with tools to implement its principles. Naturalistic features could be used for land developing in varying degrees. It is hard to say that the naturalistic form is always the best choice, as also geometry has its advantages and in some situations seems to be even better. Naturalism, however, has many advantages worth noticing. The paper shows some models describing essential characteristics of natural features possible to implement in landscape and urban planning. General and the most important of them are collected in the holistic model, but some solutions may need the use of specific models. There are also given particular models: historical models, legal model, functional model, formal model, perception model.
- Outline in English : The paper shows some models describing essential characteristics of natural features possible to implement in landscape and urban planning. General and the most important of them are collected in the holistic model, but some solutions may need the use of specific models. There are also given particular models: historical models, legal model, functional model, formal model, perception model.
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