The research focuses on Brescia, an Italian town that
lies on the Northern Po Valley linear system connecting Torino and Venice
passing through Milan. Brescia is now facing the passage from important
industrial centre to a new post-industrial context, where environment and
landscape strategies are great potentials for the local community future.
Moreover, in 2012 UNESCO has declared Brescia ?Langobardic Town? increasing the
tourist flow attracted by the magnificent historical site of Santa Giulia
(Saint July), the beautiful landscape of Franciacorta Region vineyards and the
hills and parks surrounding the Garda Lake.
This research indicates in the ?Parco delle Cave?
(Park of Pits) as the necessary ring to complete the Brescia green belt that
includes the ?Parco delle Colline di Brescia? (Brescia Hills Park), the linear
park of the River Mella, and a strong vegetal system along the South Brescia
highway. This constitutes a great recreational and ecological corridor system
including several local and touristic functions that can improve the community
economy and supply the city with service sand features necessary planning a
The study plans a widest sustainable urban
transformation in Brescia starting from the reclaiming of 600 hectares of
wetlands and artificial lakes -formerly sand and gravel pits- that, after
decades of presence on the town territory, have become part of the Brescia
At the moment, this large area represents a great
solution of continuity in the ecological green belt that surrounds Brescia, not
allowing the basis for the correct development of a natural habitat hosting
biodiversity and blocking the completion of town outskirts greenway.
To make stronger the research proposal, the project
take count of the suggestions and the desiderata of the stakeholders having
activated a wide participation process including several associations working
of the field, suggesting as economical engine for the new Park of Pits a
public-private management supporting a common sustainable vision for Brescia
and its territory. The research indicates as important to think about parks
like a system in which all the stakeholders have to be empowered. A long-time
correct management helps all the participants to promote projects and programs
that can be funded by European Commission or other institution dedicate to the
promotion of new landscape?s values. To obtain this is important that also the
City Government is open to debate according to a common vision based on a
sustainable approach to local territorial strategies.
The Park of Pits in Brescia research illustrates how, as
well as in other cases studied in Italy and Europe, the correct approach to
come to a successful result derives from fixing some rules driving all the
– All the actions have to
include the local stakeholders involved as a cooperative system;
– Transparency and control all along the process phases
and project contribute in building confidence and creating appeal in the
– Working together with
local environmental and social stakeholders helps to individuate forgotten
knowledge to solve problems;
participated process enriches the public manager knowledge about the potentials
of his/her own town.