Craciun, Cerasella, 2014, Pluridisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity – methods of researching the metabolism of the urban landscape, in: Crăciun, C., Bostenaru Dan, M. (ed.), ‘Planning and Designing Sustainable and Resilient Landscapes’, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
- Author : Craciun, Cerasella
- Year : 2014
- English Title : Pluridisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity - methods of researching the metabolism of the urban landscape
- Published in Book : Planning and Designing Sustainable and Resilient Landscapes
- Abstract in English : The complexity of the world outlook nowadays annihilates the pyramid of the classical outlook of articulating the subjects which consider physics domain as a basis, creating a real disciplinary subject “bing-bang”. The field of every subject is getting more and more restricted, which makes today the dialogue among them more and more difficult, if not impossible. The need of bridges among various fields and subjects, has materialized itself in the appearance at the end of the 20th century, of the pluridisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity concepts, as a com-plex phenomenon, generator of innovation in the field of the urban landscape metabolism as well by: fragmentation of subjects, recombining them, diffusion of concepts and resorting to methods from other fields of activity. At the beginning of the new millenium, however, the interdisciplinary approach was rediscovered and used as an answer to the unprecedented challenge launched by the world we live in a "manifesto" of what was among and beyond the subjects, in a new ap-proach, in order to express the need to get over the frontiers among subjects, ex-pressing the need of unity both, within the urban field and the landscape one. The methodology of transdisciplinary research is determined by Levels of Reality, The Logic of Included Tertiary and Complexity, which are at the same time the three postulates of modern science, unchanged from Galileo to our day, in spite of the appearance of the infinite diversity of methods, theories or patterns that have covered the history of various scientific fields of activity. Disciplinarity, pluridisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are complementary, representing "the four arrows of the one and the same bow: that of knowledge", making reference to the idea of scientific integration, to the “great book of nature”, in which every scientific subject or art is responsible for a segment of the whole. Transdisciplinarity is complementary to the disciplinary approach out of the confrontation among fields and subjects bringing about new results and new bridges among them, offering a new view on Nature and Reality.