Psychological foundations of nature experience

Hartig, T. & Evans, G.W., 1993, Psychological foundations of nature experience, in: Gaerling, T. & Colledge, ‘Behavior and environment’, Elsevier, Amsterdam

  • Author : Hartig, T. & Evans, G.W.
  • Year : 1993
  • Published in Book : Behavior and environment
  • Pages : 427-457
  • Abstract in English : People move among places. They have reasons for doing so, self-generated and externally imposed. People act on places and attach varying sorts of significance to them, just as they are acted upon by these places and imbued with their particular qualities. These interactive realities are common ground for geography and psychology. Geography has traditional interest in patters of human movement and in people and land as agents of change in one another. Psychology considers motives for motives for movement and processes in human environment exchange on the individual. Motives for movement engender distinctions between places. Some distinctions are formed by complementary needs. Reciprocal movement between places occurs because people seek satisfy needs and desires in one place that they see arise in others. Distinctions are reinforced through cycles of movement. The fundamental organizing principle of this chapter is that the natural-built distinction has a central role in theorizing about nature experience. The chapter has tree sections. In the first the auteurs address issues met in setting out nature experience as a subject for study. In the second we elaborate on the evolution of the distinction, leading to its establishment as a fundamental categorical device in the language of laypeople and researchers alike. The final section looks at the significance of the natural-built distinction for psychology theories about human-environment relations. The theories described above share some assumptions about the psychological processes responsible for realization of benefits.
  • Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: environmental psychology, psychological benefits, nature experience, perception, arousal. UTILITY: lecturers/teachers, academic research