Sustainability aspects of oxbow-lakes’ landscape-character factors in the Lower Tisza Valley

Nearly a quarter of the country’s present territory was a floodplain in era of the conquest. In second half of the 19th century, the river was controllled to flood drainage of marshes and swamps. As a result, the extent of wetlands has now declined to under 2% [1]. The active floodplain area has a high importance in many aspects, it plays an important rolein preserving and subsistence of strictly threaten wetlands. Beside this, as active flood plain it preserves the rich wildlife of the area before the river regulation. As part of Tisza Valley it plays an important part in the life of ecological corridor of Tisza. But for nowadays the degradation of the valuable, semi-natural areas can be observed. In addiction recreation-function and welfare exploitation of the oxbow-lake has been strengthened in 20th century, while line-fishing and fishing claim were come up, however the quantitative and qualitative protection of oxbow-lake water were not followed by the development. Long-term sustainability of the valuable biotops is not resolved. Oxbow lakes offer numerous favorable potentials and are exceptional natural resources. As wetlands, however, they belong to the most endangered types of sites. In the early1990s, more and more signs implied a gradual silting, aging, and at certain places, even the contamination of oxbow lakes, as well as a degradation of the active floodplains? wetlands. Ten oxbow lakes are located in the region of the Lower Tisza Valley. The states of the area?s oxbow lakes are rather different. There are protected, highly valuable sites in terms of landscape and nature conservation, yet degraded areas utilized for economic purposes can also be found.It has been determined the landscape-character factors of oxbow-lakes for the landscape study. The landscape-character factors of oxbow-lakes: natural capability, landscape structure, landscape elements, emotional factors, traditions, social factors [2]. The examination and landscape study of oxbow lakes can establish the grounds for state assessment, as well as forplanning the interventions of landscape rehabilitation. The rehabilitation of the oxbow lakes and floodplain habitat should be a concerted action coordinating environment, conservation and water management sciences. Our primary aim is to achieve an optimum ecological condition of the owbow lakes and the shore-zones. Then we must define and plan the treatments and the long-term tasks according to the natural functions, in order to ensure the conditions for sustainable development. All farming and nature protection management are dependent on the control of the Tisza River, which is becoming increasingly extreme.

  • Website : http://
  • Project start : 2012
  • Project end : 2012
  • Contact Person : Zsófia Molnár
  • Funding Agency : Corvinus University of Budapest, Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Department of Landscape Protection and Reclamation
  • Location : Hungary, , lat : 47.162494000000000000 - lng : 19.503304000000070000