The relationship between research and design in landscape architecture

Milburn, L.-A.S. & R.D. Brown, 2003, The relationship between research and design in landscape architecture, in: Landscape and Urban Planning, ,

  • Author : Milburn, L.-A.S. & R.D. Brown
  • Year : 2003
  • Journal/Series : Landscape and Urban Planning
  • Pages : 47-77
  • Abstract in English : The movement from modernism to post-modernism has slowly been reflected in a changing approach to design. The modernist movement has encouraged the perception of the designer as omnipotent artist and creator, making decisions base primarily on aesthetic, financial, theoretic, and political concerns. The move to post-modernism has placed a greater emphasis on issues, such as social responsibility, sustainability, environmental responsiveness, environmental integrity and human health. The complexity of these issues is encouraging urban and regional planners, architects, interior designers, and landscape architects to identify research as an essential component of responsible planning and design processes. A review of the literature revealed five discrete models by which research is integrated into design: concept-test; analysis-synthesis; experiential; complex intellectual activity; and associationist. The results of this study show, the key issue in understanding the relationship between research and design is not an adequate understanding of the design process, but rather the definition and application of research. Educators in design professions such as landscape architecture, architecture, planning, and interior design have the responsibility of teaching students the skills which will not only allow them to convert research data into designs, but also to express those images and design ideas in written and verbal form…..Understanding and resolving the dichotomy of words and images is crucial to today’s problem-solving processes, whereby design “is not the aggregation of objectively-derived facts, but a dialectic between pre-conceived solutions and observed fact’.
  • Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: landscape architecture, design, research, design process, design models, education. UTILITY: lecturers/teachers, academic research, students of universities of professional education.