The relationship of urban design to human health and condition

Jackson, L.E., 2003, The relationship of urban design to human health and condition, in: Landscape and Urban Planning, ,

  • Author : Jackson, L.E.
  • Year : 2003
  • Journal/Series : Landscape and Urban Planning
  • Pages : 191-200
  • Abstract in English : Modern society is increasingly aware that humans and culture are components of the environment, and that human health is inextricably linked with environmental condition. Therefore, it is useful to explore methods and patterns of human settlement and landscape modification for their potential effects on human as well as environmental health. This article explores the possibilities of design to benefit human condition, which encompasses physical and mental well-being, environmental quality, and overall quality of life. It documents the state of the science linking design to the human condition, and highlights methods for architects, planners and citizens to improve the living environment. Findings are summarised in the sections that correspond to a spatial hierarchy of human settlement: buildings and grounds, neighbourhoods, and towns/regions. While urban design issues do not always fall exclusively into one or another of these categories, they provide a useful method of organizing information, and represent a gradient of personal and professional control. A part of the conclusions is: There are strong public-health arguments for the incorporation of greenery, natural light, and visual and physical access to open space in homes and other buildings. Landscaping can and should support environmental functions as well, such as conserving water and providing wildlife habitat. However, for persuasive health, social, and environmental reasons. These design elements must increasingly be incorporated within traditional and neo-traditional urban settings.
  • Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: landscape design, health, ecological design, public health, well-being, neighbourhoods, nature. UTILITY: lecturers/teachers, academic research, students of universities of professional education.