Cackowski, J.M. & J.L. Nasar, 2003, The restorative effects of roadside vegetation: implications for automobile driver angers and frustration, in: Environment and Behavior, , 6
- Author : Cackowski, J.M. & J.L. Nasar
- Year : 2003
- Journal/Series : Environment and Behavior
- Volume Number (ANNUAL: Counting Volumes of the Year shown above) : 6
- Pages : 736-751
- Abstract in English : Research shows that stress, fatigue from the exercise of directed attention, or a combination of these factors can exacerbate anger and frustration from driving. It also suggests the exposure to vegetation can facilitate recovery from stress and fatigue. Our study tests parkway design versus the traditional highway in its effect on anger and frustration, and within traditional highways, it tests effects of variations in the ratio of built-up to natural material alongside the road. Parkway design and roadside vegetation appear to have restorative effects in reducing frustration. Future research would do well to test the effects of roadside vegetation in more realistic conditions with real traffic.
- Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: environmental psychology, roadsides, restoration, restorative environments, highway design, parkways, roadside vegetation, attention fatigue. UTILITY: lecturers/teachers, academic research, students of universities of professional education.