Djapa, D. & R. Stiles, 2005, Transformation of water in urban landscape, investigated in Belgrade and Vienna, in: ECLAS (D. Oguz), ‘Landscape change’, Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture Ankara University, Ankara
- Author : Djapa, D. & R. Stiles
- Year : 2005
- English Title : Transformation of water in urban landscape, investigated in Belgrade and Vienna
- Published in Book : Landscape change
- Pages : 164-175
- Abstract in English : This paper presents an attempt to define the relationship between urban development and transformation of urban water. The role of water in urban areas is the result of long-lasting interaction between natural and anthropogenic processes that has influenced the characteristics of urban landscape over the history. In this research, attention is paid to the investigation of urban processes over the history, as well as urban processes in modern cites (city growth, city renewal, etc.), that are closely related to the changes of urban water (functional changes, structural changes and changing of perception). It is considered that water represents a constituent historical element of the urban landscape, which explicitly shapes the pattern of built development. This is illustrated during the different historical phases of the development of human settlements, where water in the first human colonies was used for fishing and ritual ceremonies. Later, it also took on a protective role around medieval fortifications, and in the industrial age it became central to the manufacturing process. In contemporary cites the role of water has become one of the structural and creative forces for the improvement and protection of the urban environment in general. Further on, the intention is to find out, to what extend urban water has created urban landscape and on which way. This research focus on two case studies Belgrade and Vienna, that belong to the Danube river basin and that both have an urban structure in which the hydrological pattern is dominant, but where historical aspects, as well as current planning process influence the transformation of urban water in the various degrees.
- Comments/Notes : KEYWORDS: urban water, urban landscape, transformation, Vienna, Belgrade. / Eclas 2005