Viennese Modernism and Landscape Architecture

Meder, Iris; Krippner, Ulrike, 2014, Viennese Modernism and Landscape Architecture, in: Crăciun, C., Bostenaru Dan, M. (ed.), ‘Planning and Designing Sustainable and Resilient Landscapes’, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht

  • Author : Meder, Iris; Krippner, Ulrike
  • Year : 2014
  • English Title : Viennese Modernism and Landscape Architecture
  • Published in Book : Planning and Designing Sustainable and Resilient Landscapes
  • Abstract in English : The text addresses the cooperation of modern architects and garden designers in Vienna in the 1920s and 1930s. Progressive garden architects, among them nu-merous Jewish women, ran garden design studios with attached nurseries, and kept working together with modern architects from the Österreichischer Werkbund. Like many architects, most of the very few women working in garden archi-tecture in Vienna in the 1920s and 1930s came from liberal bourgeois Jew-ish families that had immigrated to Vienna around 1900. Jewish students of archi-tec-ture usually attended the Vienna Technische Hochschule. The Höhere Gar-tenbauschule für Frauen was the first advanced horticulture school for women within the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, and was founded by the women’s rights activist Yella Hertzka in 1912; it became the leading training institution for wom-en in horticulture and garden architecture in Vienna and the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. This offered women the potential to attain a higher profes-sional training and a basis for economic independence as gardeners or garden ar-chitects. Their gardens, together with the architecture of the Wiener Schule, were significant contributions to Austrian garden architecture in the early 20th century.
  • Outline in English : Training in architecture in early 20th century Vienna Women in garden architecture training Housing concepts of the Wiener Schule The garden of the modern house Cooperation between architects and garden architects The garden in the Siedlung